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What Is Orthognathic Surgery?

corrective jaw surgery

Orthognathic Surgery, also known as Corrective Jaw Surgery, is a surgical procedure performed by an Oral Maxillofacial Surgeon in conjunction with an orthodontic plan .

This procedure is specifically designed to surgically move and reposition the mandible and maxilla structures therefore resolving skeletal discrepancies responsible for various conditions.

Notably, these conditions have a negative impact the patient well being and health, such as, speaking, chewing and swallowing difficulties, night chocking, shortness of breath, inability to keep the mouth closed, joint and facial pain, among others.

Further more, once this conditions are treated the patient experiences comfort and a substancial boost in self confidence and self-esteem.

 

 Orthognathic Surgery can successfully treat the following skeleto-facial inconsistencies

 

 

State of the art Orthognathic Surgery 3D planning.

3d images of skulls

Over the course of time the use of three-dimensional tomographic technology has become a standard in the planning of oral maxillofacial surgery due to its great precision when diagnosing maxillary inconsistencies and predict the results of surgical movements performed on bone structures during orthognathic surgery.

As a result, both the patient and surgeon can discuss the details of the procedure before surgery, thus strengthening the communication between the two, consequently achieving a greater feeling of security and confidence throughout the process.

In conclusion, powerful tomographic equipment and simulation software play a key role in planning a surgical layout to ensure a successful orthognathic surgery.

What is Orthognathic Jaw Surgery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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surgeon performing surgeryOral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS or OMFS) specializes in surgery of the face, mouth, and jaws. It is an internationally recognized surgical specialty.

smile with bracesDental braces (also known as braces, orthodontic cases, or cases) are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person's bite, while also aiming to improve dental health. Braces also fix gaps.

 

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway. It is characterized by repetitive episodes of shallow or paused breathing during sleep, despite the effort to breathe, and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation

coughing diagramLaryngotracheal stenosis refers to abnormal narrowing of the central air passageways.[1] This can occur at the level of the larynx, trachea, carina or main bronchi.[2] In a small number of patients narrowing may be present in more than one anatomical location

Mandibular Prognathism

Prognathism is a positional relationship of the mandible or maxilla to the skeletal base where either of the jaws protrudes beyond a predetermined imaginary line in the coronal plane of the skull.

 

Mandibular Retrognathism

Retrognathia is a type of malocclusion which refers to an abnormal posterior positioning of the maxilla or mandible,[2] particularly the mandible, relative to the facial skeleton and soft tissues.

A retrognathic mandible is commonly referred to as overbite, though this terminology is not used medically.

 

Facial Asymmetry

Facial Asymmetry is the condition that one half of the face is not equivalent or the same as the other half.

Open BiteOpen Bite When most people say “open bite,” they’re referring to an anterior open bite. People who have an anterior open bite have front upper and lower teeth that slant outward so they don’t touch when the mouth is shut. An open bite is a type of malocclusion, which means the teeth aren’t aligned properly when the jaws are closed.

DysphagiaDysphagia is difficulty in swallowing and chewing. It may be a sensation that suggests difficulty in the passage of solids or liquids from the mouth to the stomach,[9] a lack of pharyngeal sensation or various other inadequacies of the swallowing mechanism.

TeTMJ Dysfunctionmporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD, TMJD) is an umbrella term covering pain and dysfunction of the muscles of mastication (the muscles that move the jaw) and the temporomandibular joints (the joints which connect the mandible to the skull). The most important feature is pain, followed by restricted mandibular movement,[2] and noises from the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) during jaw movement. Although TMD is not life-threatening, it can be detrimental to quality of life,[3] because the symptoms can become chronic and difficult to manage.

Tooth WearTooth wear refers to loss of tooth substance by means other than dental caries. Tooth wear is a very common condition that occurs in approximately 97% of the population. This is a normal physiological process occurring throughout life, but accelerated tooth wear can become a problem. Tooth wear varies substantially between people and groups, with extreme attrition and enamel fractures common in archaeological samples, and erosion more common today.

Tomography bieng performedTomography is imaging by sections or sectioning, through the use of any kind of penetrating wave. The method is used in radiology, archaeology, biology, atmospheric science, geophysics, oceanography, plasma physics, materials science, astrophysics, quantum information, and other areas of science. The word tomography is derived from Ancient Greek τόμος tomos, "slice, section" and γράφω graphō, "to write" (see also Etymology). A device used in tomography is called a tomograph, while the image produced is a tomogram.

Simulation software

Simulation software is, essentially, a program that allows the user to observe an operation through simulation without actually performing that operation.