What is Orthognathic Jaw Surgery
Where Does the Term “Orthognathic” Come From?
Orthognathic surgery, from the Greek orthos, “rectum” and “mandible,” is a surgical intervention that is responsible for correcting deto-skull and maxillofacial deformities to achieve the perfect balance between all the facial features of the patient.
The deformities appear during growth and, except for Active Condylar Hyperplasia, usually, stop their evolution at the end of facial development. Jaw Surgery can have a dramatic effect on many aspects of life. Orthognathic- surgery jaw improve the function, aesthetic appearance, and the self-esteem.
What Deformities Can Orthognathic Surgery Fix?
The main deformities appear due to an excess or defect in the growth of the maxilla, mandible or both.
Dolicofacial patterns (long faces) or brachifacial patterns, prognathisms (large jaw, with excessive projection) or retrognathias (small jaws, bird faces),
flat faces, deviated chins or jaws, Openbite. They are the most frequent manifestations of disharmony, in the facial bone growth and susceptible to be treated with Orthognathic – Jaw Surgery.
How Would I Know if I Need Orthognathic Jaw Surgery?
Some of the conditions that may indicate patient need a corrective jaw surgery:
- Difficulty chewing or biting food
- Difficulty swallowing
- Chronic jaw or jaw joint (TMJ) pain and headache
- Excessive wear of the teeth
- Open bite (space between the upper and lower teeth when the mouth is closed)
- The unbalanced facial appearance from the front, or side
- Facial injury
- Birth defects
- Receding lower jaw and chin
- Protruding jaw
- Inability to make the lips meet without straining
- Chronic mouth breathing
- Sleep apnea (breathing problems when sleeping, including snoring)